A strike-slip fault is a simple offset; however, a transform fault is formed between two different plates, each moving away from the spreading center of a divergent plate boundary. Transform Plate Boundary features. The Alpine Fault that runs for over 500 km along the west coast of the South Island is a transform boundary between the plates, where compressional movement is causing the Southern Alps to be uplifted at a rate of approximately 7 mm/year 8 terms. When these earthquakes occur on land, on the other hand, they can cause large amounts of damage. The faults within this system head southwards and converge to form the Alpine Fault, which carries most of the plate boundary strain in the region. Transform boundaries were first conceived of by Canadian geophysicist John Tuzo Wilson in 1965. miles space. These two subduction areas are joined together by the Alpine Fault. Transform plate boundary faults accommodate high rates of strain and are capable of producing large (Mw>7.0) to great (Mw>8.0) earthquakes that pose significant seismic hazard. The fault mover 30mm a year! The San Andreas fault of California is a prime example of a continental transform boundary; others are the North Anatolian fault of northern Turkey, the Alpine fault crossing New Zealand, the Dead Sea rift in the Middle East, the Queen Charlotte Islands fault off western Canada, and the Magellanes-Fagnano fault system of South America. Because of the thickness of the continental lithosphere and its variety of rocks, transform boundaries on continents are not simple cracks but wide zones of deformation. In the first one the New Zealand Active Faults Database. The West Coast. The alpine fault runs along the west side of the South Island of New Zealand and is "one of the longest, straightest, and fastest-moving plate boundary transform faults on Earth."(eg. A smaller number of transform faults cut continental lithosphere. Photo credit: Steven Smith. The most famous example of this is the San Andreas Fault Zone of western North America. Institute of Geological & Nuclear Sciences Limited (GNS), abgerufen am 9. Convergent boundaries are thrust or reverse faults, and divergent boundaries are normal faults. San Andreas Fault in California and Alpine Fault of New Zealand. As the plates in this space continue to diverge, they do so in opposite directions. Snow on the mountains of the Pacific plate contrasts with the lower land of the Australian plate. Geologic Faults What Is It? A. Transform Plate Boundaries are locations where two plates slide past one another. At the southern end of the South Island, the Australian Plate dives down (subducts) below the Pacific Plate whilst in the North Island the opposite situation occurs with the Pacific Plate being pushed under by the Australian Plate. A rupture along the full length of the fast-slipping Alpine Fault on New Zealand’s South Island poses the largest potential seismic threat to the southern and central parts of the country. The Alpine Fault runs right through the heart of New Zealand's glacier county on the country's south island. Most transform faults are found in the ocean basin and connect offsets in the mid-ocean ridges. The result is a split in the crust, called a fracture zone, that extends across the seafloor far beyond the small transform that created it. Alpine Fault – Tectonic setting of New Zealand: astride a plate boundary which includes the Alpine Fault. In the region of New Zealand, the 3000 km long Australia-Pacific plate boundary extends from south of Macquarie Island to the southern Kermadec Island chain. The Alpine Fault runs right through the heart of New Zealand's glacier county on the country's south island. Field area accessed by boat Red Africa Sea and The Red Sea. Transform boundaries are one example. Lessons 1 and 2 Weathering, Soil, and Erosion. Transforms are strike-slip faults. Study Resources. GirlyStitch GirlyStitch Answer: B. A rupture along the full length of the fast-slipping Alpine Fault on New Zealand's South Island poses the largest potential seismic threat to the southern and central parts of the country. Map of Tectonic Plates and Their Boundaries, Reverse, Strike-Slip, Oblique, and Normal Faults, Introduction to Convergent Plate Boundaries, Learn About the History and Principles of Plate Tectonics, 5 Different Ways of Classifying Volcanoes. The most famous example of this is the San Andreas Fault Zone of western North America. It ends abruptly where it connects to another plate boundary, either another transform, a spreading ridge, or a subduction zone.. It forms a transform boundary between the … The _____ and the Alpine Fault of New Zealand are examples of transform plate boundaries. Topic 2 Lesson 2 … Flickr Creative Commons Images. Researching structural geology at Otago gives you the opportunity to travel worldwide for fieldwork and laboratory collaborations: Europe, the US, South America and all over New Zealand. Most transform boundaries consist of short faults on the seafloor occurring near mid-ocean ridges. The Alpine Fault in New Zealand is one of the longest, straightest and fastest slipping plate boundary transform faults on Earth and produces earthquakes at quasi-periodic intervals. Plates are not being added to a plate or broken from transform plate boundary. Faults and Earthquakes. A rupture along the full length of the fast-slipping Alpine Fault on New Zealand's South Island poses the largest potential seismic threat to the southern and central parts of the country. SECTION II: The Plate Boundary (Alpine Fault) & Associated Mountain Building (Southern Alps) The Alpine Fault, New Zealand: Surface Geology and Field Relationships 159 Richard J. Norris and Alan F. Cooper . OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR. 25 terms. Some … Some even connect mid-ocean ridges and subduction zones. o Thermal Structure and the “Cold Wall.” o Ridge Offset and Spreading Rate Continental transform faults o Examples of Continental Transform Faults San Andreas–Gulf of California Transform System Dead Sea Transform System. miles. New evidence of a 19th century earthquake on New Zealand's Alpine fault suggests that in at least one portion of the fault, smaller earthquakes may occur in between such large rupture events. Are not being added to a plate or broken from transform plate are! The Cascadia subduction zone longest active Fault in New Zealand is situated the! Faults making up the San Andreas connects a divergent boundary in the Gulf of California with Cascadia. ) of rupturing in the Gulf of California D. East African Rift E. Rio Grande Rift a degree compression. The longest active Fault in New Zealand that is on land is the Alpine Fault runs through... 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