I could have been a good painter from the School of Paris, but I felt like a snail out of its shell. Wifredo Lam (Sagua la Grande (provincie Villa Clara) 8 december 1902 - Parijs 11 september 1982) was een Cubaanse schilder en beeldhouwer. In 1936, with the help of his friend Faustino Cordón, he joined the Republican forces in their fight against Franco. See the renowned permanent collection and special exhibitions. Wifredo Lam was een Cubaanse kunstenaar, die bekendheid kreeg voor z’n werk als schilder. Wifredo Lam Kunstenaar biografie. Upon arrival, the passengers were interred at Trois Îles. Wifredo Lam et Pablo Picasso, Vallauris, 1954, Copyright © 2011 - 2018 SDO Wifredo LAM. He enjoyed the company of numerous artists: Noguchi, Hare, Motherwell, Pollock, Asger Jorn and the dissident surrealist group CoBrA. Als lid van de Moderne Kunst beweging, studeerde Lam aan de Escuela de Bellas Artes in Madrid nadat hij zijn geboorteplaats Havana had verlaten. Biography. What really broadened my painting is the presence of African poetry.”. Wifredo Lam: Mix-Master, Modern Artist At the end of his life, the celebrated painter, draftsman, and sculptorWifredo Lam (Cuban, 1902–1982) was asked to reflect upon why he painted. Wifredo Lam was an Afro-Cuban artist best known for his unique Surrealist aesthetic that combined European artistic movements with the imagery of his native country. Visit the Frank Lloyd Wright–designed Guggenheim Museum in NYC, part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Wifredo Lam was born in 1902 in Sagua la Grande (Cuba). Inspired by and in contact with some of the most renowned artists of the 20th century, including Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera, Lam melded his influences and created a unique style, which was ultimately characterized by the prominence of hybrid figures. In 1923, Lam moved to Spain, where he remained until the late 1930s. Wifredo Lam was born in Sagua la Grande, Cuba, on December 8, 1902. Lam also met Pierre Loeb, the owner of the Galerie Pierre in Paris, which hosted Lam’s first solo exhibition in 1939. Wifredo Lam was an Afro-Cuban artist best known for his unique Surrealist aesthetic that combined European artistic movements with the imagery of his native country. His time in Spain―initially intended as a short stay on his way to Paris―lasted 14 years. Follow. Get the latest news on the events, trends, and people that shape the global art market with our daily newsletter. He spent long hours at the Archeological Museum and the Prado. Talking about his experience in Haiti, Lam said, “It is often assumed that my work took its final form in Haiti, but my stay there, like the trips I made to Venezuela, Colombia or to the Brazilian Mato Grosso only broadened its scope. He studied Law before leaving his island in 1923 for Spain. Follow. Biographie. Wifredo Lam Artist Biography Wifredo Lam was a Cuban-born artist who attained fame for his work as a painter. Eskil Lam, TateShots, 2016. His reputation as an artist had spread internationally. He discovered surprising correlations between western art and so called “primitive” art. Wifredo Lam was a Cuban-born artist, best known for his large scale paintings which reference modernist aesthetics and Afro-Cuban imagery to explore themes of social injustice, spirituality and rebirth. The terrible suffering he endured led to numerous paintings of mother and child. In 1954, Lam met the poets Gherasim Luca and Alain Jouffroy. During the 1960s, Lam’s work reflected a growing interest for engraving. Wifredo Lam was an Afro-Cuban artist best known for his unique Surrealist aesthetic that combined European artistic movements with the imagery of his native country. This contact with Afro-Cuban culture brought new impetus to his art. He was Yam Lam’s son, a Chinese emigrant who gave him birth in 84 years, and of Ana-Serafina, a Cuban halfcaste. In 1931, his first wife, Eva (Sébastiana Piriz) and their son Wilfredo Victor died of tuberculosis. Their work was featured in numerous exhibitions at key galleries and museums, including the Tate Modern and the Centre Pompidou Paris.Wifredo Lam's work has been offered at auction multiple times, with realized prices ranging from $20 USD to $9,603,800 USD, depending on the size and medium of the artwork. Biography: Wifredo Lam (Cuban, 1902 – 1982) Wifredo Lam is one of the remarkable figures of 20th-century art. He was a contemporary of Diego Rivera. Wifredo LAM: worldwide auctions of art categories: Print-Multiple, Drawing-Watercolor, Painting, Sculpture-Volume, Objects, Ceramic. Wifredo Lam was born on December 8, 1902, in Cuba. Cuban • 1902 - 1982. In January and February 1941, Lam illustrated Breton’s poem Fata Morgana which was censored by the Vichy government. Wifredo Lam Biography One of the most renowned Cuban artists of the modern era, Wifredo Lam achieved an inventive synthesis of European modernism and Afro-Caribbean symbolism. Artist Biography Wifredo Lam. He wins the Grand Prix of the Havana Salon and, in 1958, is named a member of the « Graham Foundation for Advanced Study in Fine Art Â» in Chicago and received numerous awards, most notably the « Guggenheim International Award Â» in 1964. Lam was born to a Chinese immigrant father and a mother of African and Spanish descent. The luxuriant nature of Sagua la Grande had a strong impact on Lam from early childhood. artnet and our partners use cookies to provide features on our sites and applications to improve your online experience, including for analysis of site usage, traffic measurement, and for advertising and content management. He established a form of art that unites Western modernity with African symbols, as well as those from the Caribbean, and thus created his own unique language. Lam found solace in the company of his Spanish friends and made contact with several political organizations. He was enrolled in the Escuela Profesional de Pintura y Escultura, Academia de San Alejandro, where he remained a student until 1923. One night in 1907, he was startled by the strange shadows cast on the wall of his bedroom of a bat in flight. His sister Eloisa, whom he was closest to, explained to him in much detail the workings of Afro-Cuban rituals and he began attending ritual ceremonies with some of his friends. Wifredo Lam was a Cuban artist who sought to portray and revive the enduring Afro-Cuban spirit and culture. Wifredo Lam Kunstenaar biografie. Between 1918 and 1923, Lam studied painting at the Escuela de Bellas Artes, but preferred painting outdoors to the traditional academic setting. On March 25, Lam and Helena Holzer embarked on the “Capitaine Paul Lemerle” headed for Martinique, in the company of some 300 other artists and intellectuals―André Breton and Claude Lévi-Strauss among them. In Madrid, he was exposed to the ideas and movements of modern art. “It’s a way—my way of communicating between human beings,” he stated. He was the eighth child born to Lam-Yam―born in Canton around 1820, an immigrant to the Americas in 1860―and to Ana Serafina Catilla―born in 1862 in Cuba of mixed African and Spanish ancestry. Collaborating with poets and writers, he undertook several important projects in printmaking: large format portfolios, pulled and published in the print studios of Broder, Mathieu and Upiglio, most notably: La terre inquiète by Édouard Glissant (1955), Le voyage de l’arbre by Hubert Juin (1960), Le rempart de brindilles by René Char (1963), Apostroph’Apocalypse by Gherasim Luca (1965), L’Antichambre de la Nature by Alain Jouffroy (1966), Annonciation by Aimé Césaire (1969). He then was an art student from 1918 until 1923 at Escuela de Bellas Artes. Throughout the 1950s, while maintaining close contact with Cuban art circles, Lam became increasingly involved with European artistic currents, developing close ties with CoBrA artists and the Italian avant-garde. The violence of the struggle inspired his painting La Guerra Civil. Born in La Sagua La Grande, Villa la Clara, Cuba, Attended Escuela de Bellas Artes, Havana, Cuba, Attended the Acadamia San Atejandra, Havana, Cuba, Moved to Paris, France, and became associated with the Surrealists, Received First Prize at the Salone Nacionale in Havana, Cuba, Received the Gold Medal for foreign painters in Premlo Lissone, Rome, Italy, named member of the Graham Foundation for Advanced Study in Fine Art, Chicago, IL, Awarded the Guggenheim International Award, New York, NY, Received the Premio Marzotto in Milan, Italy, Fire Tongues - Galerie Gmurzynska - St. Moritz, St. Moritz, Aimé Césaire, Lam, Picasso - Nous nous sommes trouvés - Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris, Afro Modern: Journeys through the Black Atlantic - Tate Liverpool, Liverpool, UK, Bilderträume. He studied under Fernando Álvarez de Sotomayor, curator for the Museo del Prado and teacher of Salvador Dalí. Biography: Wifredo Lam (Cuban, 1902 – 1982) Wifredo Lam is one of the remarkable figures of 20th-century art. In 1916, Lam and part of his family settled in Havana. In 1955, he met the Swedish artist Lou Laurin―the couple would marry in 1960. He was partially paralyzed and resigned to a wheelchair but soon found the strength to attend his exhibition in Mexico City, Wifredo Lam, coleccion Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes de la Habana, Cuba. He painted over one hundred canvases, most notably La Jungla, making the year 1942 his most productive of this period. Als lid van de Moderne Kunst beweging, studeerde Lam aan de Escuela de Bellas Artes in Madrid nadat hij zijn geboorteplaats Havana had verlaten. From 1947, Lam’s style began to show new developments: a pronounced presence of esoteric elements and a coupling of the influence of Oceanic art with that of African art. Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for … Education: Academia San Atejandra, Havana, 1920-23; Free Academy, Madrid; studio of Fernando Alvarez di Sotomayor (director of the Prado), Madrid, 1924-28. Wifredo Lam Net Worth. In 1938, Lam left Spain for Paris. Il est le huitième enfant de Lam-Yam, né à Canton vers 1820 et ayant émigré vers les Amériques en 1860 et d'Ana Serafina Castilla, née en 1862 à Cuba et descendante métis de familles originaires du Congo et d'Espagne. Wifredo Lam was a Cuban Impressionist & Modern artist who was born in 1902. Artist Biography Wifredo Lam. Wifredo Lam Family, Childhood, Life Achievements, Facts, Wiki and Bio of 2017. Apparently full of compassion and aware of social inequality which was related to his own background, the artist was quite moved by the hard lives of Spanish peasants and became involved in Spanish Civil War . We will update soon. By the end of the 1940s, Lam divided his time between Europe, Havana and New York, where they stayed with Pierre and Teeny Matisse as well as Jeanne Reynal. Wifredo Óscar de la Concepción Lam y Castilla (林飛龍) was born on December 8, 1902 in Sagua La Grande, Cuba, to parents of Cuban, Congolese and Chinese ancestry. See our Privacy Policy for more information about cookies. He close friends with many writers and artists, and his work would be celebrated in many exhibitions and retrospectives around the world. Complete Wifredo Lam 2017 Biography. Wifredo Lam, (born Dec. 8, 1902, Sagua la Grande, Cuba—died Sept. 11, 1982, Paris, France), Cuban painter known for his synthesis of Modernist aesthetics and Afro-Cuban imagery. I think my father really looked at himself as a world citizen, completely free, he wanted to go everywhere. Shortly before leaving, he met Helena Holzer, who would become his wife in 1944. All rights reserved. Wifredo Lam was een Cubaanse kunstenaar, die bekendheid kreeg voor z’n werk als schilder. Lam then went on to New York where he renewed contact with Marcel Duchamp and made new acquaintances: Jeanne Reynal, James Johnson Sweeney, Arshile Gorky, John Cage, Roger Wilcox, Mercedes Matter, Ian Hugo, Jesse Fernández, John Cage, Sonia Sekula and Yves Tanguy. By continuing to use our sites and applications, you agree to our use of cookies. In 1923, the municipality of Sagua la Grande awarded him a grant to study in Europe and by the autumn of that year, at the age of twenty-one, he left the country for Spain. Shortly before the Germans arrived, Lam left Paris for Bordeaux and then Marseille, where many of his friends, for the most part surrealists, had gathered around André Breton in the Villa Air Bel: Pierre Mabille, René Char, Max Ernst, Victor Brauner, Oscar Domínguez, André Masson, Benjamin Péret. Wifredo Lam, Cuban (1902 - 1982) Wifredo Lam Born: Wifredo Oscar de la Concepcion Lam y Castilla, Sagua la Grande, 2 December 1902. Estimated Net Worth in 2019: $100K-$1M (Approx.) Inspired by and in contact with some of the most renowned artists of the 20th century, Lam melded his influences and created a unique style, which was ultimately characterized by the prominence of hybrid figures. A participant in the Modern Art movement, Lam studied at the Escuela de Bellas Artes in Madrid, Spain after leaving his native Havana. Notes of biography. Picasso introduced his new “cousin” to his painter, poet and art critic friends, Braque, Matisse, Miró, Léger, Eluard, Leiris, Tzara, Kahnweiler, Zervos. The youngest of eight children, he was baptized Wilfredo Oscar de la Concepción Lam y Castilla . Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. He designed anti-Fascist posters and took part in the struggle by working in a munitions factory. The artist's market, biography, price levels and indices of … Wifredo Lam was exposed to various works of art at the Prado Museum, from Hieronymus Bosch to Henri Matisse, as well as latest tendencies embodied in Surrealism. Encouraged by the art dealer, Carlo Cardazzo, they would transform this little Italian village on the Ligurian coast into a gathering point for artistic experimentation, from the late fifties through to the late sixties. Wifredo Lam (Cuban, 1902–1982) was a Cuban-born painter, draughtsman, and sculptor, born to a Chinese father and Afro-Cuban mother. Newly settled in his native land after almost twenty years, Lam delved deeper into his artistic investigations, finding nourishment for his ideas in the surroundings of his childhood and youth. He traveled to Italy, to Albissola, on the initiative of Asger Jorn and Édouard Jaguer who had organized an international meeting of sculpture and ceramics which included as participants: Appel, Baj, Corneille, Dangelo, Fontana, Scanavino and Matta. Wifredo Lam was an Afro-Cuban artist best known for his unique Surrealist aesthetic that combined European artistic movements with the imagery of his native country. Wifredo LAM The internationally renowned Cuban painter Wifredo Lam (1902-1982 ) was a precursor of a cross-cultural style of painting, infusing Western modernism with African and Caribbean symbolism. He studied under Fernando Álvarez de Sotomayor, curator for the Museo del Prado and teacher of Salvador Dalí. Wifredo Lam [Biography] Biography. This period, with exhibitions at the Salón de Bellas artes, was determinant in his choice to become a painter. Wifredo Lam est né le 8 décembre 1902 à Sagua la Grande, à Cuba. Wifredo body measurements, Height and Weight are not Known yet but we will update soon. … His meeting with the master engraver Giorgio Upiglio at his studio Grafica Uno in Milan inaugurated a period of intense creativity that would last all the way up to Lam’s death in 1982. Als lid van de Moderne Kunst beweging, studeerde Lam aan de Escuela de Bellas Artes in Madrid nadat hij zijn geboorteplaats Havana had verlaten. Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. Born in the small town of Sagua la Grande at the turn of the century, his father was a Chinese immigrant and his mother a descendent of both Spanish conquistadors and African slaves. He also joined post-war movements such as “Phases” and the Situationist movement. And so, Wifredo Lam came to rest where he had begun this lifelong journey. This distinctive visual style of his also influences many artists. Wifredo Age, Height & Weight. ©2021 Artnet Worldwide Corporation. In the Villa Air Bel, a meeting place for creativity and experimentation, Lam worked and produced, most notably, a series of ink drawings that set the tone for what would become his signature style of hybrid figures, a vocabulary he would develop more fully during his years in Cuba from 1941 to 1947. Born in Cuba of a Chinese father and a mother of African, Indian and European decent, Lam’s career path and artistic style were truly international. Biography. A major early 20th-century painter, Wifredo Lam fused elements of Cubism and Surrealism with African culture in paintings that were exhibited alongside those of Pablo Picasso and other Cubists and Fauvists. In 1946, Lam and Helena travel to Haiti and attend voodoo ceremonies in the company of Pierre Mabille and André Breton. Wifredo Lam was born in Sagua la Grande, Cuba, on December 8, 1902. He often recounted the incident as his first magnificent awakening to another dimension to existence. After his divorce with Helena Holzer, in 1952 Lam settled in Paris. Wifredo Lam (1902–1982) is one of the most distinguished and fascinating artists of the 20th century. Die Sammlung Ulla und Heiner Pietzsch - Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin, Wifredo Lam - Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Monterrey MARCO, Monterrey, NL (solo), Wifredo Lam in North America - Haggerty Museum of Art, Milwaukee, WI (solo), Wilfredo Lam - Galerie Boulakia, Paris (solo), Wifredo Lam - Drawings: Interlude Marseille - Latin American Masters, Beverly Hills, CA (solo), Wifredo Lam - Gana Art Center , Seoul (solo), Wifredo Lam - K20 Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen - am Grabbeplatz, Dusseldorf (solo), Galerie Maeght Lelong, Zurich, Switzerland (solo), Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, NY (solo), Galerie Gimpel und Hanover, Zurich, Switzerland (solo), Galleria Arte Borgogna, Milan, Italy (solo), Galerie Villand et Galanis, Paris, France (solo), Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands (solo), Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hannover, Germany (solo), Museo de Arte Moderna, Havana, Cuba (solo), Galerie Krugier, Geneva, Switzerland (solo), Galerie La Cour d'Ingres, Paris, France (solo), Galleria Grattacielo, Milan, Italy (solo), Palacio de Bellas Artes, Marcaibo, Venezuela (solo), Institute of contemporary Arts, London, UK (solo), Ministry of Education, Havana, Cuba (solo), Lam: Obras Recientes 1950, Parque Central, Havana, Cuba (solo), The Cuban Painter Wifredo Lam, The London Gallery, London, UK (solo), Wifredo Lam, Galerie Pierre, Paris, France (solo), Lam Paintings, Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, NY (solo), Wifredo Lam Peintures, Galerie Pierre, Paris, France (solo), Musee d'Art Moderne de la Ville, Paris, France, Museum Boyrnans-van-Beuningen, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, Stedelijk van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven, The Netherlands. 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