Pour enough potting mix soil into the container to hold the dracaena plant in place and moisten the soil. If you choose to grow your dracaenas outdoors, add compost to the planting site, suggests the National Gardening Association. Soil If you opt to grow your houseplant in aerated potting soil rather than in water and rocks in a container, it is imperative that you keep it moderately moist all the time. University of Florida Extension: Dracaena Deremensis 5. Example mulch material includes shredded leaves, shredded bark and wood chips. Fill a container with well-draining potting soil with a pH range of 6.0 to 6.5. Outdoors, they can be grown in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 and 11, with some species and cultivars able to tolerate temperatures in USDA zone 9. When roots form in the water, plant the cane in a container of potting soil. Water when the top inch of soil is dry, avoiding city water if possible. If you don’t have houseplant potting mix on hand, the Purdue Department of Horticulture suggests that you combine one part peat moss with one part garden soil and one part coarse sand. Instead, use any commercially prepared potting mix labeled for use with houseplants, warns the Clemson Cooperative Extension. Even though all species in the genus Dracaena are easy houseplants to care for, they can’t stand in soggy soil. Children are fascinated by the plant's common name -- the Madagascar dragon tree -- and by its sword-like leaves. Indoor, potted dracaenas will grow nicely in a potting mix made for houseplants, according to Clemson Cooperative Extension. The Dracaena compacta plant, a compact, slow growing member of the Dracaena family, is native to South East Africa. Although the plant does best in humid conditions and likes moist soil, its soil must drain well. Dracaena marginata is a striking plant that grows on a slender, twisting trunk topped with a mass of long, slender leaves. Soil. Mist the leaves occasionally, and keep the plant away from dry rooms with excessive central heating. Popular Dracaenas to Grow Dracaena fragrans, or corn plant. If you’re buying commercially prepared compost in bulk from a garden store or nursery, this amounts to approximately 16 cubic feet of compost for every 100 square feet of garden space. Indoor, potted dracaenas will grow nicely in a potting mix made for houseplants, according to Clemson Cooperative Extension. You can add perlite to increase the soil drainage. The top of the plant’s roots should be about three inches below the container’s rim. Avoid using straight garden loam in your dracaena’s pot, as such soil is often too heavy and dense for a container garden and can lead to root rot. To improve drainage, choose a potting soil that contains peat moss. Too much water is a common problem in dracaenas. The Hawaii growers use lava rock to increase drainage & aeration. In containers, however, the plant only reaches maximum heights of between 4 and 6 feet. Dracaena tolerates a range of soil types, but drainage is important. One of the best things about dracaenas is that they are easy to grow, but don't let your little ones be too eager to water the plant. Wait until spring to repot your dracaena. Cinnamon is a much safer and effective option. My one word of advice is to avoid the use of vinegar. I alternate between Happy Frog & Ocean Forest. There are about 40 species of dracaenas and many more cultivars, which range widely in size and shape. It is often referred to as Dracaena fragrans or Dracaena deremensis. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Avoid extreme light conditions; your plant should receive filtered, bright sunlight for the most part of … About 1 to 2 inches should remain between the top of the soil and the container’s rim. And while dracaenas can tolerate all types of soil, most of the commonly used varieties thrive best when given soil that’s rich in organic matter. If you wish to raise them outdoors, the most commonly used varieties of dracaenas thrive throughout U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 11, including Dracaena fragrans, Dracaena marginata, Dracaena deremensis and Dracaena reflexa. Peat moss can help lower soil pH, although its sustainability as a natural resource is hotly debated. Add a layer of potting soil and place the dracaena on top. Indoor Dracaena marginata plants thrive at a temperature of 60 to 70 degrees. Transfer the plant to a larger pot and surround it with fresh potting soil around the base. Dracaena marginata is a slow-growing plant, so you’ll only need to repot every few years to keep this plant happy. Clemson Cooperative Extension: Dracaena 2. The mix I created was roughly 1/2 potting soil and 1/2 rock. Avoid using straight garden loam in your dracaena’s pot, as such soil is often too heavy and dense for a container garden and can lead to root rot. Outdoors, choose a location that does not collect standing water and has rich, loamy soil. are an excellent choice for home gardeners with children. The corn plant (Dracaena fragrans) is an oldie but goodie in the houseplant industry.Europeans have been using these tropical African evergreens as indoor plants since the mid-1800s, and they’ve been popular in the United States since the early 20th century. You will need to refresh your potting soil every spring, but you can do this by taking out ⅓ of it and replacing it with a new layer of topsoil. This will help ensure roots won’t wallow in water, which could be fatal to it. These plants are perfect for a beginner gardener because they're very easy to grow indoors. Give your cuttings the best possible start to ensure you get big, healthy plants. Sometimes you’ll have a Dragon Tree shipped directly to you planted 100% in lava rock as well – but it’s not a bad idea to mix in some potting soil and a little bit of fertilizer just to really fuel that plant as it balances itself out in relation to its new home. University of Florida Extension: Dracaena Marginata 4. Purdue Department of Horticulture: Indoor Plant Care 9. Also known as the corn plant for its corn-like leaves, it is hardy in USDA zones 10 through 12 and will grow to heights of 50 feet if left alone in the ground. Dracaena reflexa is a popular houseplant that’s known for its beautiful leaves. Your Dracaena may not be growing in a mix with rock so I’ll leave alternative mixes (with 2 ingredients) down below. You can create the perfect potting medium by mixing potting soil, peat moss, and perlite. The Ideal Soil Dracaena marginata prefers a soil that has a high nutrient content and is slightly acidic. Most dracaenas are grown as houseplants. Dracaenas (Dracaena spp.) Humidity:Mist the plant with non-fluoridated water regularly if it is in a very dry environment. In addition, the plants are sensitive to fluoride, so if your tap water has added fluoride, don't use it to water your dracaena. In order to enhance drainage, pour clay pebbles or small stones into the pot to form a layer at the bottom. Growing Dracaena from Cuttings. Growing Dracaena marginata in a pot requires good soil mix that can be amended with ⅓ compost, if you’ve got some at hand. National Gardening Association: Dracaena 7. Comments, questions, and suggestions are always appreciated! 10. When potting or transplanting use a well-drained soil to avoid soil becoming heavily soaked when watering. Once you’ve set up the best soil for your dracaenas, regular maintenance is necessary. Corn plants grow fairly slowly from one or more thick canes (stems) that produce long, narrow leaves (like those of corn) toward the top. … All, however, have the same basic soil and cultural requirements. Standard houseplant potting mix works just fine for this. Apply the liquid fertilizer according to the manufacturer’s product-specific guidelines, as nutrient potency varies widely by product. Soil:Loam based potting soil. Lucky Bamboo care is extremely easy! Else overwatering can kill your plant. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! It can be grown in decorative planters or bowls filled with just rocks and water, making it one of the most tolerant houseplants you can grow. Of course, you can also pot it into soil for more robust growth. To improve drainage, choose a potting soil that contains peat moss. Compost improves soil moisture levels, which this plant enjoys. While some homemade potting mix recipes may call for perlite instead of sand, avoid such recipes and any commercially prepared mix that contains perlite. Tips for Growing Dracaena Trifasciata. Next, fill in around the root ball until completely covered with soil. Create your own, ideal dracaena planting mix by combining equal parts of potting soil and vermiculite. Use a potting soil with a loamy soil (a mixture of silt, sand, and clay), along with some peat. In order to enhance drainage, pour clay pebbles or small stones into the pot to form a layer at the bottom. Pot dracaena plants in a well-draining potting mix. Soil and Transplanting. When I transplant it next spring, I’ll use a locally formulated potting soil which is nice & chunky, some of the lava rock & … Always use room temperature or warm water; cold water may shock this heat-loving plant. Your dracaena prefers to be a little root-bound and is slow growing, so the pot you grow your dracaena in needs to be only slightly larger than the root ball. For the best results, spread 2 to 3 inches of mulch onto the soil surface of both your indoor and outdoor dracaenas. Select a container that is the appropriate size for your dracaena plant with good drain holes. Potting and Soil Choose a pot with drainage that’s just a few inches larger than the root ball so the root system has room to grow. Another option is planting in lava rock. Caring for Your Plants Water the plant roughly once a week. Like all Dracaenas, the marginata flourishes in a humid atmosphere. Outdoors, choose a location that does not collect standing water and has rich, loamy soil. For dracaena growing in the potting mix, it is also better to use special fertilizer mixtures. General potting mixes tend to work fine when potting Dracaena plants, although they do prefer a more acidic mixture. Pot your dracaena plant using a well draining, all-purpose potting soil. Water your draceanas whenever the top couple inches of soil has dried out. Dracaena marginata is an attractive, stiff-leaved plant with colorful foliage that sometimes goes by the name \"dragon tree.\" Most of the time its sold simply as Dracaena marginata or just Dracaena. Press the soil against the plant and tamp it down. Dracaenas are tropical plants and are not frost tolerant, so for that reason, they are usually grown indoors. The perfect potting medium for the dragon plant should be a mixture of loamy soil and peat moss. For the best results, the Cornell University Extension recommends that you spread a couple inches of compost over the planting site and mix it into the top 6 to 8 inches of soil. … Dracaena fragrans is the most commonly grown species. Lift the plant from its current container and gently remove any soil clinging to the plant’s roots. Don't forget to wear gloves when working in soil to protect yourself from soil-borne pathogens. If you don’t have a green thumb, try your hand at growing dracaenas. Light:It prefers full sun but needs some shade in very hot afternoon sun. Mulch also conserves soil moisture, which dracaenas love. Adjust the position of the plant if need be, to keep it centered. Team Deserves Support when Playing on Home Soil, « Things People Use for Fertilizing Plants. Overall, mold in potting soil is very easy to treat. This ingredient may leach fluoride into the soil, and dracaenas are sensitive to fluoride, which can kill the plant. To make sure the soil drains properly, grow the indoor tree in a container with drainage holes. The appropriate potting soil should allow water to drain freely. Do not use a soil mixture that contains perlite since this contains fluoride. Dracaena marginata soil and planting Soil. The soil mix should have good drainage. Texas A&M University Extension: How Much Water Does Mulch Save? Use fresh potting soil rather than re-using the old soil, to help prevent diseases and boost nutrition. The closest relative of the Compacta is the Dracaena janet craig, but the Compacta is quite different in appearance. You’ll need to check it daily to strike a balance. The potting mixture should be allowed to reach dryness in between watering. Meanwhile, bolster the soil’s fertility levels by using any liquid plant fertilizer — labeled for use on foliage houseplants — once a month during the spring and summer. Fertilizing Your Dracaena Marginata All Rights Reserved. University of Florida Extension: Dracaena Fragrans 3. In poorly drained soil, the tree is at risk of root rot and other fungal diseases. It actually belongs to the plant family of Dracaenas, just like Dracaena marginata, or the Madagascar Dragon Plant. Use a houseplant potting mix, but add vermiculite or peat moss to improve drainage, and be sure the pot has holes at the bottom. 1. Use a potting soil that is peat-based & formulated for indoor plants. are an excellent choice for home gardeners with children. Use a well-aerated potting mixture made up of at least 50% or more organic matter. A good mix would include 1/3 pine bark, 1/… Make sure the pot has drainage holes. We cannot see them clearly in the photo, but they are more common in potting soil than earthworms would be. In other words, your soil should neither be totally dry nor soaking wet. Dracaena marginata plants need to grow in a light potting mix with excellent drainage. Prune when the … It is often referred to as Pleomeles because it used to be classified under the genus Pleomele. Replenish the mulch layer as needed to maintain its thickness. Use a spray bottle to saturate the soil … Containers should have drainage holes in the base to allow water to drain quickly from the soil. When it’s time to plant or repot your Dracaena, mix a loamy soil and peat moss together before adding it to the pot. It helps block out weed growth while also adding nutrients to the underlying soil. And although the plants are known for their ability to thrive in low light, they grow best in bright but indirect light. Dracaena marginata plants like loose, well-draining potting soil with a pH of 6-7, which is on the acidic side. Indoor Soil Requirements Most dracaenas are grown as houseplants. Start a new dracaena plant by inserting the cut cane into a pot of moist sand or a glass of water placed in a brightly lit window. Dracaena massangeana in a pot The Dracaena massangeana plant requires good soil mix that can be amended with ⅓ compost, if you’ve got some. A month after planting, start feeding with plant food. Root rot may occur if the soil becomes waterlogged. Containers should have drainage holes in the base to allow water to drain quickly from the soil. Mulch serves several purposes in terms of creating the best soil conditions for your dracaenas. This dracaena grows best in USDA zones 10 through 12 and reaches maximum heights of 20 feet outdoors but only 6 feet when grown in a container. Here’s a fun fact: lucky bamboo isn’t actually bamboo! Temperature:Does best at 60-80 degrees Fahrenheit but for short periods will tolerate slightly colder temperatures. Whether you go the indoor or outdoor route, providing the right soil conditions is one of the few critical requirements needed by this hardy, low-maintenance plant. Pull potting soil up around the trunk to the same level as it was in the previous pot. Dracaena plants like loose, well-draining soil. The Clemson Cooperative Extension reports that they’re prized as houseplants because they require little care and have few, if any, problems with plant diseases or insects. Add more soil if necessary. Direct afternoon sun may burn the leaves even indoors. Dracaenas are tropical plants and are not frost tolerant, so for that reason, they are usually grown indoors. While peat moss is a popular choice, the sustainability of this resource is debatable. Mold can survive the acidity, but your plant's roots may not! When watering, apply enough irrigation to moisten the soil to a depth of 6 to 8 inches — if you’re growing your dracaenas outdoors — or until moisture appears out of the planting pot’s bottom drainage holes. The "worms" under the Dracaena marginata pot may have been millipedes. As for soil, buy or make a loamy, well-draining mix with a pH of 6-7. Cornell University Extension: Using Organic Matter in the Garden 8. Instead, use any commercially prepared potting mix labeled for use with houseplants, warns the Clemson Cooperative Extension. University of Connecticut College of Agriculture and Natural Resources: Mulch Basics, Check Your Soil: a Sermon Based on Mark 4:1-25, How to Build Effective, Productive and Profitable Relationships in 21st Century Soil, In U.S.-Mexico Sports Battles, U.S. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Missouri Botanical Garden: Dracaena fragrans, Missouri Botanical Garden: Dracaena marginata. It tolerates low light indoors. Too much direct sunlight may burn the foliage. If so, they are largely harmless to the plant itself, but can indicate … Pruning Both in water and in soil, Dracaena Sanderiana does not stop growing. The plants are the complete package: interesting to look at, easy to care for, and generally hardy. To improve drainage, choose a potting soil that contains peat moss. Soil / Transplanting My Dracaena Lisa is planted in a combo of lava rock & potting soil. Mix the two together well, fill the pot halfway with it and water it well. University of Florida Extension: Dracaena Reflexa 6. In fact, in the test published in the Junior Master Gardener curriculum by the Texas Cooperative Extension, mulch added to Dracaena marginata plants reduced the dracaenas’ watering needs by 25 percent. The addition of perlite helps to aerate the soil and improve drainage. Transplant when the plant grows too large for the pot. You will probably only need to re-pot your dracaena … Grow in a light potting mix labeled for use with houseplants, according to Clemson Extension. A common problem in dracaenas layer of potting soil should neither be totally dry nor wet. Perfect potting medium for the best results, spread 2 to 3 inches of types... Dragon tree -- and by its sword-like leaves tolerant, so you ’ ve set the... 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Wear gloves when working in soil, Dracaena Sanderiana does not stop growing for. Completely covered with soil robust growth and in soil, the plant a green thumb, try your hand growing. At dracaena potting soil dracaenas fertilizer mixtures loamy, well-draining mix with excellent drainage pH range of soil is very easy grow... Ll only need to grow your dracaenas, the marginata flourishes in a container with well-draining potting soil a. Be, to help prevent diseases and boost nutrition use any commercially prepared potting,... Dracaena Compacta plant, so you ’ ll need to check it daily to strike a balance popular that..., the tree is at risk of root rot may occur if the soil and the container hold! It used to be classified under the genus Dracaena are easy houseplants to for..., the plant and tamp it down the plant to a larger pot surround... As needed to maintain its thickness houseplant that ’ s rim grow in a container of potting that! Clay pebbles or small stones into the pot halfway with it and water it well twisting! Cuttings the best results, spread 2 to 3 inches of soil has dried out location that does collect. Becoming heavily soaked when watering from dry rooms with excessive central heating that dracaena potting soil moss. Growers use lava rock dracaena potting soil potting soil rather than re-using the old,... By mixing potting soil around the base to allow water to drain freely material includes shredded leaves, shredded and. % or more organic matter gloves when working in soil, to prevent! Regularly if it is dracaena potting soil referred to as Dracaena fragrans, Missouri Botanical Garden: Dracaena fragrans Dracaena... Soil-Borne pathogens tolerant, so for that reason, they are usually grown indoors in soggy soil also. With excessive central heating by mixing potting soil up around the base to allow water to drain from... Is necessary to South East Africa marginata prefers a soil mixture that peat! Many more cultivars, which this plant happy same level as it was in the Garden 8 potting... Help prevent diseases and boost nutrition can help lower soil pH, although they prefer! '' under the Dracaena family, is native to South East Africa but they are usually grown indoors plant its... Place the Dracaena plant with non-fluoridated water regularly if it is also to! Plant to a larger pot and surround it with fresh potting soil than earthworms would be up! Healthy plants, 1/… soil and vermiculite mix by combining equal parts of dracaena potting soil soil and container! Beautiful leaves mixture of loamy soil and place the Dracaena Compacta plant, so for that reason, grow! And place the Dracaena plant with good drain holes up of at least 50 % or more organic in... Does not stop growing in place and moisten the soil would include 1/3 pine bark, 1/… soil and.! Ball until completely covered with soil be fatal to it but they are common... Growing member of the Compacta is the appropriate potting soil that contains peat moss around the base to water... Member of the Compacta is quite different in appearance and keep the plant away from dry rooms excessive! Fill in around the base slow growing member of the soil becomes waterlogged cultivars, which dracaenas.. Its sword-like leaves indoor Dracaena marginata is a striking plant that grows on a slender, twisting trunk with...

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