I run about 550mm/sec .5mm DOC and stepover. Diamond[241] or carbide[242] tooling. Not optimal. Available from http://www.ksmetals.com/18.html Faster feed rates prevent the bit from staying in one place for too long, which is a factor in overheating. Although the file is made for the XXL it can easily be modified for any size CNC you have. March 2019 400 mm/min feed Machines similarly to hardwoods, a climb cut finishing pass may eliminate marks from chatter. Note: Many of the early Beginner's Examples use a small Shapeoko … The following charts were transcribed from Carbide Create 433. com router bit) with 0.1 mm DOC at 30 mm/sec. 800mm/min feedrate and 500mm plunge [146] The intention was to make a 0.005" pass. Example 4: Mastering High Speed Machining. Smooth surface. by jewelers. I figured it was time to start a list sharing the settings that have worked and produced good results for me. April 2019 | () Note that these speeds are all approximate, and should be verified on your system w/ a test cut. Step down was .2mm per pass, feed rate of 400mm/min. 1/4": 914 mm/min, DOC 0.35mm 1/8": 500 mm/min, DOC 0.35mm. The edges of the cuts are rather messy, which would be tricky to clean up (e.g. If this happens, try to change the cut parameters: dimensional letter shop sign, https://community.carbide3d.com/t/0687-eagle-carved-in-mahogany/15464/6, https://www.facebook.com/groups/232744457133521/permalink/302749516799681/, https://community.carbide3d.com/t/baltic-birch-plywood/2222/38, https://community.carbide3d.com/t/stabilized-walnut-inlay-for-a-watch-case/13901, https://www.facebook.com/groups/unofficialshapeoko/permalink/386992208375411/?comment_id=387217465019552&comment_tracking=%7B%22tn%22%3A%22R%22%7D, http://www.sculpture.net/community/showthread.php?t=3287, http://www.who.int/occupational_health/publications/en/oehairbornedust3.pdf, http://community.carbide3d.com/t/1-8-carbon-fiber/626/3, http://blog.inventables.com/2014/02/circuit-board-milling-on-shapeoko-2.html, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7R7PsCu5TZM, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Yvcizt83DA, https://www.amazon.com/Toysmith-4801-Really-Big-Eraser/dp/B00KSGSOB8, http://www.surfscience.com/topics/surfboard-anatomy/materials/know-your-foam/, http://www.bois.com/media/192315/360x300-fraises.jpg, http://www.freemansupply.com/RenShape440Styling.htm, http://community.carbide3d.com/t/machining-materials-questions/482, http://www.sawmillcreek.org/showthread.php?213915-CNC-router-for-Plaster-Moulds&p=2227973#post2227973, http://www.camheads.org/showthread.php?t=3377, http://www.cnczone.com/forums/haas-mills/63483-anybody-ever-milled-hard-plaster.html, http://madmodder.net/index.php/topic,2729.0.html, http://www.instructables.com/id/Machinable-Wax/?ALLSTEPS, http://community.carbide3d.com/uploads/default/original/2X/2/2e3c9d6977a1fb9722b95424e054f90fc95d7fb9.pdf, http://community.carbide3d.com/t/home-made-machinable-wax/1209, http://www.walmart.com/ip/Presto-Kitchen-Kettle-Multi-Cooker-Steamer/14321003, http://www.cnczone.com/forums/hobby-discussion/26351-cnc-post210273.html#post210273, https://wiki.shapeoko.com/index.php?title=Materials&oldid=19259, Makita 15722.5 RPM calculated, Makita dial 3 at 16870 might be better, your machine and its configuration, esp. If a calculator suggests one be greater or lesser than allowed by your machine, reduce or increases the other proportionally (w/in the limits of your machine’s frame and linear motion setup) so as to bring the other into range. These usecases are intended to illustrate how the information from the Feeds & speeds section can be used to determine workable cutting parameters, for a project that uses wood as the stock material. With strong enough stepper motors the following produced excellent results with Nylon: Carbon fiber can be cut, but requires dust collection (the dust is hazardous and electrically conductive) and is tough on bits, requiring more frequent replacement. Cut Depth: Brass is available in a wide variety of alloys each w/ markedly different characteristics, Engraving Brass (CZ120 / CW608N) which has 2% lead added to it, or Free Machining Brass (CW614N / CZ121) which has 3% lead content are “lovely to machine”. The Speeds and Feeds Calculator may be employed for calculations of estimated speeds and feeds (RPM and IPM) values on the basis of the parameters you have currently set based on your tools and stock material. The Build Guild Podcast Feeds specifically refers to the feed rate the tool advances through the material while speed refers to the surface speed that the cutting edge of the tool is moving and is needed to calculate the spindle RPM. The thing that made the biggest difference to the finish was blasting all the chips out with air at regular intervals. Strategy for cutting thin sheets: http://www.reddit.com/r/CNC/comments/2jdjdf/tips_for_cutting_thin_metal_with_a_cnc_machine/clbltfl. Feed Rate: It's actually the appropriate speed to get a good cut. 30 degree: 40ipm, 10 plunge, 3 on Dewalt dial. You should also be aware of burning issues while cutting MDF. Will not be extinguished by water (which will actually increase the flames). I don't trust something that simple, as its bound to be overlooking something. You can build it in about 2 hours. [145]. 14,500 r.p.m. Characteristics of such include: Additionally, a radius endmill has been noted as reducing vibration. secure your spoil board to the machine, tram an area slightly larger than your work piece. Fix the platen to your wasteboard in a permanent manner (just screw it into the wasteboard if you must. Flute Length: The CAM is from Fusion 360. 0.008″ (pine), 0.00120″ (bamboo) -- http://hackaday.com/2014/12/04/cutting-glass-with-cnc/, http://community.carbide3d.com/t/machining-glass/4584, https://www.reddit.com/r/CNC/comments/cijwu8/milling_a_1x1_cm_glass_square/. Feed Rate = 60 (I'm not vouching for 0.004" necessarily being an appropriate chip load for acrylic. The below are the settings for MDF from the pixel image chart which was initially put up by Carbide 3D on their docs.carbide3d.com Support | Tooling area: Note that some users have specified 5080mm (200in.) Also note Starboard, a form of HDPE with additives to make it tougher and more UV resistant. Forum user PsyKo noted the following settings in Re: Foam tool organizer: One brand name is Plastazote. No lubricant. http://community.carbide3d.com/t/online-source-for-plastics-e-g-hdpe-delrin-acetyl-pvc-etc/1306/9, http://community.carbide3d.com/t/experience-milling-hdpe/462/2, food safe, >100 degree C melting point, easy to machine. It's soft and evenly composed, so the bit should have no trouble working through it at a consistent pace. This post should give you a head start. [156], List of alloys and their characteristics: http://www.emachineshop.com/machine-shop/Brass/page322.html 353, 360 and 385 noted as suitable for machining on a CNC router. Some work setups will put dust collection underneath the workpiece and add bristles projecting up to collect and contain it. Feed Rate = 60 plunge rate is .25mm. Feed 215mm Deals Then decrease speed by 10%. plunge rate:100mm https://www.aluminum.org/resources/industry-standards/aluminum-alloys-101, An afternoon with aluminum --- detailed discussion of tool paths, finish and various, http://community.carbide3d.com/t/nomad-aluminum-feed-speed-tests/5621, http://blog.cnccookbook.com/2012/03/27/10-tips-for-cnc-router-aluminum-cutting-success/, http://www.sawmillcreek.org/showthread.php?144728-Aluminum-Cutting-101, http://community.carbide3d.com/t/aluminum-3d-contouring/1588, A further consideration is the temper of the metal. guidelines for brass. See http://toxtown.nlm.nih.gov/text_version/chemicals.php?id=84, inexpensive, less strength yet-maybe 60% of nylon- and stiffness can be as good as the others, but often less, and lower toughness[231], 100ipm @ 15000rpm with an amana o flute 1/8”. 2D Cutting Parameters It may be too many rpm, or it may be a bad combination of feeds and speeds … 1.000 in [278], eShapeoko: 21kRPM, 1200mm/min 3.5mm deep or 21kRPM, 12mm deep feedrate of 500mm/min[279], AngusF noted in Re: How to mount DW660?, “1/8" end mill cutting Baltic birch plywood at a 0.7mm depth per pass, I will miss steps at 800mm/min, but not at 700. The industry-standard for this is machinable wax[50], a combination of wax and a compatible plastic, usually polyethylene (used in plastic bags and many food containers). So, like every other beginner this is the point I worried the most about initially. See Tooling Board below. 3-4 IPM 0.015 cut depth at the low end of the DW611's speed range with lubricant --- Copper sign, Ascertain that if a copper alloy, it does not contain beryllium. Feed and speed So I've read through the feed and speed calculation stuff and I am just not understanding. 2 flute 8mm carbide bit Acrylic is also available under the name plexiglass. January 2020 [214] My Shapeoko XXL arrived in two boxes–a small one and a very heavy … Rather than slotting, cut pockets which are at least half again the bit diameter. 20kRPM on DW611[113], http://www.shapeoko.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=35&t=6631&p=53672, I cut a "grill" into the "protection plate" that covers the electronics of the shapeoko 3 to mount an 80mm fan, i did it no problem without lubricant. [261]. If you dwell in one place too long your bit will heat up and the material will heat up, leading to distortion, bad smells, and dull bits. May 2019 This is less likely to happen with harder alloys such as 2017.[102]. The ones I did as a rough bore with a finishing contour pass came out pretty bad, too small and with lots of chatter. Feedrate = Chipload×Nb\_Flutes × RPM= 0.003 × 3 × 24000 = 216\ ipm F eedrate = C hipload ×N b_F lutes×RP M = 0.003× 3×24000 = 216 ipm. A given endmill, in a specific material will have a chipload suggested by the manufacturer. For 0.1mm flat end mill, I plucked in the feed rate as 76.5mm/min and the plunge rate as 2mm/min and for 0.2mm flat end mill, I used the feed rate and plunge rate as 186mm/min and 7mm/min respectively. If the deflection at the tip of the cutter (cutter plus whatever it is attached to) is more than the thickness of the chip, (feed per tooth) then it is guaranteed to chatter, and not cut well. I think it turned out decently and will be great for this project series. With a DW660, double X, Y drive shaft, this gives a fairly clean edge. Note: RPMs have been regularized against the Router Speed Chart (see below) using the Dewalt dial setting as the standard. [100], Length matters, w/ shorter bits reducing chatter. I get excellent tool life, and very little finish work. If known, this may be used to calculate the spindle horsepower needed for a cut: Material removal rate (in³/min) × Unit power (hp/in³/min) = Spindle horsepower (hp), see: http://www.custompartnet.com/calculator/milling-horsepower, Work hardening occurs when the chip of material being removed is thinner than that zone of material which the impact of the cutting forces affects. [141]. I'm still using the stock spindle...”, 1.8mm depth of cut, and 1200 mm/min feedrate[280], Compression bit from Toolstoday Router Bits and Saw Blades: "1/8 compression at 40ipm at full depth cutting 1/4 plywood all day, dewalt speed 3. you can go faster, but it wont be as smooth a cut. Dust is conductive and potentially hazardous. Be sure to countersink the holes a few mm (3-5)), If you always use the same size copper clad blanks - make a shallow pocket in the platen that is slightly larger than your blanks. I'd actually suggest something more along the lines of 0.002" to 0.003", but that's a discussion for another time.) | (″) http://community.carbide3d.com/t/need-help-milling-tiny-text-using-meshcam-bits-speed-and-feed-length-of-time/1451/5 --- incl. Super simple for Beginners, powerful and flexible for Pros. Often used for quickly testing toolpaths which will be run in expensive materials or which require inordinate amounts of machine time. by 20 to 40% : Surface Speed Ft./Min. [53], https://engineering.stackexchange.com/questions/2413/high-spindle-speed-low-tool-pressure, (these should be conservative and are based on smallest from the larger recommendation and largest from the smaller from their chart), https://community.carbide3d.com/t/v-bit-feeds-and-speeds-poll/17077. 1/8" four flute solid carbide endmill. That's just too fast!" Example 3: Downcut and other special router cutters. Some with climb milling was ok as well, but the general result was that anything concerning climb milling (be it complete single cut operations or used as finis passes) gave a little worse result. Excellent discussion from: https://community.carbide3d.com/t/high-speed-chatter-video/26749/32. https://www.reddit.com/r/CNC/comments/7k4gh2/cutting_and_bonding_closed_cell_polyethylene_foam/, Forum user Cwalster noted in post Re: Foam cutting?, "EPS and EPP ... the trick is to use HSS, flat end mills and to conventionally cut it. I’m looking at cutting ABS and according to the Carbide Speeds and Feeds chart for a .25" end mill it wants the router operating at about 17k RPM and then DOC at .07" and feed rate at 65 mm/s (I assume) when the 660 does 30k at … Here is another excel chart with reference feeds and speeds. Go thick. actually generating chips), you should be able to straighten out a chip (carefully! And I also tested boring conventional with 0.3mm stock to leave and then a contour/profile path at full depth to finish off the hole. But if it helps, I was using the .125" endmills that came with the nomad (so, 2 flute). Can be milled without coolant or lubricant if the feed rate, depth of cut, and spindle RPM are set correctly. This happened when I.C. Suggestion is to do it before the plaster fully cures so that it doesn't dull the bits so much. [253], https://old.reddit.com/r/CNC/comments/cngurf/any_experience_milling_hybrid_blanksepoxy_resin/. It’s long enough to cut 3/4. [20] [94], http://community.carbide3d.com/t/holes-how-do-you-drill-in-aluminium/4245/5, One interesting observation is that ball end end mills work better.[95]. All I'll never do that again though, but it was cool to see the machine pushed to its limits. I made a test piece with 30, 6mm holes, using 2d pocket, bore and circular tool paths. Official chart for Carbide Compact Router: RPMs are from users who have measured the speeds on their units[60] [61], or extrapolated linearly. September 2020 Laser 6082 medium strength alloy with excellent corrosion resistance, machines well in T6 and T651 temper, 7000 (zinc) can reach the highest strengths of any aluminum alloy, 7075 also gives good results when milling, but is difficult to cut on a Shapeoko, reducing the number of flutes to reduce the effective feed rate, special coatings to prevent material from adhering to the bit, Feedrate: 60ipm (1524mm) --- conservative 80ipm was achieved, Speed set to 5.5 on the Dewalt, guess, could be 26,000 rpm, RPM: 17500 (Dial setting: Dewalt: 1.5, Makita: 2.9), 1/8" thick aluminum and 3/8" thick aluminum, Niagara C330 1/8" 3 flute TiAlN coated end mill, HSM (high speed machining) techniques to pocketing 6061 with a Shapeoko 2, Toolpath: Helix to depth, 0.5mm constant engagement adaptive clearing (trochoidal) toolpath, End mill: 4-flute variable helix TiAlN carbide, Stickout: 30mm (incl. Carbide bit specs. Doing the finishing pass as a climb cut will give a better finish on an extraordinarily rigid machine and bit. Dec 30, 2018 - CNC feeds and speeds. Here's how that works: You'll notice that cutter diameter doesn't come into play there. All values should be verified and tested on a scrap of material first, then one should adjust to match desired chip size and surface finish and time required for completion. ), https://www.amanatool.com/pub/media/productattachments/Insert-V-Groove-Speed-Chart-v8.pdf, The feed rate (speed at which the machine head moves in XYZ space) and the speed rate (number of revolutions per minute the cutting tool revolves around its axis) need to be proportional to each other, so as to have the machine cut out suitably sized chips. September 2019 [150] Unfortunately, this has a potentially high cost in tooling, w/ endmills only lasting for cutting of a single (small) part in this instance. [318], http://www.shapeoko.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=30&t=6215&p=48324. Then, calculate it out as a kinematics problem. In addition, one needs to decide upon a cutting depth advancement, and the amount of stepover (how much each toolpath overlaps, see the Glossary). It's hard to answer this in a simple blog post. 3 flute straight bit Insert V bits from Amana. vs Power (Watts), Endmill Diameter (in) - Collet Type, and Workpiece Unit Power (Watts/cubic inches/min. Alloys which are readily anodized include 5083 and 6061. Carbide Create has two notable sets of feeds and speeds for the Shapeoko --- build 433 uses a chipload-based calculation, while 440 and later use a set of pre-calculated feeds and speeds which are intended to be quite conservative, so as to minimize problems. It's coated with some sort of rough particles. Basically, I say I want each tooth of my cutter to take off a certain amount of material, say 0.004". One thing which will make a big difference is to choose an end mill especially designed/made for cutting aluminum. (and answers), inexpensive in some forms, moderately strong and stiff like acetyl, generally transparent, but low toughness and can be a bit annoying to machine[200]. [143]), Nomad: "For brass and copper I use Plunge rate 170 m/m , Feedrate 400 m/m or more 10% / 20% and depth 0.07 mm. Re: Vote for your favorite ShapeOko spindle solution! Tests done with an eShapeOKO with dual Y motors (1.5NM torque) and a Kress 1050 spindle: We did some tests at Inventables and these settings worked successfully[183]: DIA = 0.0625 Depth .050 or less, step over .056. I take about .008" deep passes. Copper circuit board cut on the forums here. Dewalt on 1. For a high gloss, sand using micromesh and polish with Novus #2. v60 .5 dia bit at 55 in/min and cut in .18 in deep at 19k router speed, 0.0625" DOC, 1/4" end mill, and 60 IPM on a heavily modified SO2 ~7lb of cutting force[317], Dust is fine and potentially dangerous, if cutting for extended periods of time, released / generated gases are a potential hazard. The feed rate represents how fast the machine will move the router bit though the material when cutting and is critical to get right for leaving a good quality cut edge. Finishing was done at 120IPM with a 0.125in ball nose mill, 15% stepover. Thickness tolerance for typical manufacture is 0.02", engineering plastics are available w/ tighter tolerances (0.005" from McMaster-Carr). Sure, there is a lot more we could delve into. 0.2mm depth of cut per pass using DW660. feed - 1750mm/min MeshCam thrives when I'm running these small details. This is really exciting and should open up the options for all of us in exploring new materials for our Projects. Note that what is sold as 0.25" thick acrylic is typically manufactured to metric 6mm (0.236"). 0.0040760″ (mahogany) -- https://community.carbide3d.com/t/acrylic-engraving-recipe/23605, Trochoidal milling: 3mm endmill https://www.reddit.com/r/shapeoko/comments/5pusjt/s03_carbide_can_cut_steel_possibilities_are/dcxx9xz/, Unhardened HSS. ", Another datapoint: 30in per minute on the feed rate, and .125 on the depth per pass. |Carbide Create. Diameter: Note: Extruded plexiglass is not easy to mill. parallel finish: 4ipm, 50mm plunge, 0.1mm depth per pass at 560 mm/min 4 flute high speed steel endmill[117], AlTiN coated 5/64 2 flute flat end mill. 30 imp , 10 plunge, .1 depth of cut, .4 step over. Therefore, your Feed Rate should be 684 inches per minute. I have been making my feeds and speeds with the help of GWizard with some success while I learn to CNC 6061 aluminum. Lubricant (dish soap is suggested at: https://www.reddit.com/r/hobbycnc/comments/fhzo9i/thank_you_for_all_the_help_with_acrylic/ ) may help. The thing is, it's not too fast. natural --- blonde to yellowish blonde in color. [127], Cooling: Low tech air cooling (Fish tank pump), no fluid, http://community.carbide3d.com/t/the-mother-off-all-mills-for-aluminium-milling-nomad/6525, 10,000 rpm I was able to take a 0.2mm DOC with a 10mm bit at something like 2000mm a min. Theoretical Feeds and Speeds . What I'm saying is, every machine will be different and hard to predict. [88], 2 lb./hr. Similar machining characteristics to cast acrylic, with all difficulties exacerbated, will split or crack under shearing forces. [248], Increase up to 9000rpm to run as fast as 54ipm, http://www.cnczone.com/forums/general-off-topic-discussions/52041-cnc-post1433784.html#post1433784. Gwizard has Shapeoko3 settings - but no iOS app! But before we do that, I promised I'd show you how to get G-Wizard to … Abrasive and dusty. Some users have reported difficulties w/ the above settings: 660 and 30000 RPM issues --- please test w/ scrap and report specifics. For instance in aluminium you have series (1000 to 8000), each of which is alloyed with different elements (specified in parentheses below) to achieve differing mechanical properties. Dry cut - No lubrication or cooling fluids. King Starboard HDPE5. After this broke, I switched to a straight cut but it didn’t do nearly as nice a job and really failed to eject the chips. 2. The first video in the Shapeoko build series is the unboxing. 1/8 compression: 50ipm, 20 plunge, 1/4 depth per pass, 3 on Dewalt dial. All my best holes (size, roundness and finish) were made by single operations that did the full diameter at once! [118], http://community.carbide3d.com/t/s3-6061-aluminum-cut-fail/894/28, http://community.carbide3d.com/t/aluminum-feeds-and-speeds-in-carbide-create/1853/5, combination of a 3mm 2flute 45 Helix cutter at 16000-17000 Rpm with a .17mm DoP with a feed of 400mm/min, 1/8" thick 6061-T6 alu. CNC Router Examples: Example 1: Figure out proper Feeds and Speeds to cut walnut plaques. Apply some weight for a few seconds to make sure you get good adhesion. Please note that the values for a Shapeoko are copied into the page below at the appropriate points. Finishing: Spindle speed 8,000 to 10,000 rpm at ~ 40-100 inches per minute[325], Engraving: 1/4" 30 degree carbide vbit, 10ipm of cutting speed and .020" deep cut [327], Polyurethane (notes on this on the Nomad Trello), Shapeoko 3 (Carbide Create 440 and later), #MaterialMonday Feeds and Speeds (Shapeoko 3), Nomad with tiny endmills in polycarbonate, Cast Acrylic Nomad 883 Pro: #MaterialMonday, Carbide 3D 1/8″ endmill CLPT Nomad (Wood), Carbide 3D 1/4″ endmill CLPT Shapeoko (Wood), Nomad 883 Pro #MaterialMonday: Machinable Wax, http://community.carbide3d.com/t/need-some-help-w-this-gcode/746/8, http://www.hainesengineering.com/rhaines/cnc/cnc_info_speed.htm, http://community.carbide3d.com/t/need-help-milling-tiny-text-using-meshcam-bits-speed-and-feed-length-of-time/1451/5, https://www.cnccookbook.com/3d-cnc-milling-machining-cam-toolpaths/, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rm-qSytjFnI, http://brturn.github.io/feeds-and-speeds/, http://brturn.github.io/feeds-and-speeds/beta.html, http://brturn.github.io/feeds-and-speeds/instructions.html, http://ugracnc.com/cnc-spindles/milling-speed-and-feed-calculators, http://www.mitsubishicarbide.net/contents/mmus/enus/html/product/technical_information/information/formula2.html, https://www.cnccookbook.com/cnc-feed-rate-calculator/, http://www.iscar.com/ita/Calculators.aspx?units=M, http://www.armtoolingsystems.com/metric_milling_formulas.php, http://www.armtoolingsystems.com/english_milling_formulas.php, http://www.carbidedepot.com/formulas-milling.htm, https://www.deanza.edu/manufacturing/speeds_feeds.html, American Machinist: Speeds/Feeds Conversions Calculator, custompartnet: Milling Speed and Feed Calculator, http://www.custompartnet.com/calculator/milling-horsepower, http://www.custompartnet.com/calculator/step-over-distance, http://www.daycounter.com/Calculators/GCode/Feed-Rate-Calculator.phtml, http://www.destinytool.com/speeds--feeds.html, easycalculation.com: Milling Speed and Feed Rate Calculation, http://janproducts.com/Speeds_and_Feeds_calc.html, http://jjjtrain.com/vms/calcualtors/_01.html, https://www.kennametal.com/en/resources/engineering-calculators/miscellaneous/speed-and-feed.html.html, http://littlemachineshop.com/mobile/speeds_feeds.php, http://www.monstertool.com/monster_tool_calculators.html, http://www.productivity.com/resources/calculators/, https://www.whitneytool.com/SpeedAndFeedCalculator.aspx, http://www.hispeedcorp.com/resources/speed-feed-calculators/hsm-machining, The Feeds and Speeds of CNC cutting tools, Google Spreadsheet: Router Feedrate Calculator (Imperial), http://www.practicalmachinist.com/vb/cnc-machining/free-end-mill-feed-speed-calculator-v10-222002/, https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.beta.fswizard_lite&hl=en_US, https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/cnc-machinist-calculator-pro/id1037668281, https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/machinists-calculator/id687225532, https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/machinist-calculator-sfm/id373899555, 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http://www.lakeshorecarbide.com/pdf/GENERAL%20PURPOSE%20EM%20SPECS.pdf, http://www.lakeshorecarbide.com/pdf/ChipLoad-Formulas.pdf, http://www.onsrud.com/files/pdf/LMT-Onsrud-CNC-Prod-Routing-Guide.pdf, http://www.schoolofworkholding.com/html/WH_University/University/Lib/Topics/YellowPages/CuttingTech.html, https://www.reddit.com/r/Machinists/comments/4ejvw6/advice_on_easily_calculating_feeds_and_speeds/, https://makezine.com/2014/03/21/cnc-routing-basics-toolpaths-and-feeds-n-speeds/, https://community.carbide3d.com/t/high-speed-chatter-video/26749/32, Re: Accuracy: Not sure if this is a MakerCAM issue, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speeds_and_feeds, http://www.mmsonline.com/articles/start-with-the-right-speeds-and-feeds, https://www.toolstoday.com/images/CNC-Feed-Rate.pdf, http://www.cncroutershop.com/us_en/calculate-feeds, http://www.pdsspindles.com/engineering-speeds, http://www.precisebits.com/tutorials/calibrating_feeds_n_speeds.htm, 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