The term can apply to a small portion of a particular rainforest, the entire Earth itself, or any habitat in between. Biodiversity is a term used to describe the enormous variety of life on Earth. Biodiversity The amount of biological or living diversity per unit area. When we talk about biodiversity, we often talk about species richness as well. Biodiversity or Biological diversity is a term that describes the variety of living beings on earth. Ecosystem biodiversity The variety of environments in a determined natural area is the expression of biodiversity in the ecosystem, in other words, consider the differences there are, for example, between a temperate forest in South America and a mangrove forest at the Equator. Biodiversity is the variety of all living things; the different plants, animals and micro organisms, the genetic information they contain and the ecosystems they form. But biodiversity doesn’t stop at the individual. It can be used more specifically to refer to all of the species in one region or ecosystem.Biodiversity refers to every living thing, including plants, bacteria, animals, and humans. Biodiversity and species richness. It is the diversity observed among the different ecosystems in a region. The variety of animal and plant life in any environment is known as biodiversity. Biodiversity is of interest to anyone concerned with the welfare of our planet. Biodiversity loss, also called loss of biodiversity, a decrease in biodiversity within a species, an ecosystem, a given geographic area, or Earth as a whole. From bears, salmon and worms to trees, soil and fungi, it is the diversity of species living in an area and the relationships they have with one another. Species richness is the number of different species in an area, a way of measuring biodiversity. Biodiversity comes from two words Bio meaning life and diversity meaning variability. One word sums up the incredible variety of animals and plants on Earth. Diversity in different ecosystems like deserts, rainforests, mangroves, etc., include ecological diversity. Ecological biodiversity refers to the variations in the plant and animal species living together and connected by food chains and food webs. Definition. Biological diversity encompasses microorganism, plants, animals and ecosystems such as coral reefs, forests, rainforests, deserts etc. It includes the concepts of species diversity, habitat diversity and genetic diversity. Biodiversity is a term which describes every living organism within a single ecosystem or habitat, including numbers and diversity of species and all environmental aspects such as temperature, oxygen and carbon dioxide levels and climate. Biodiversity is vast and research funds are small, but speeding up analysis might help, from automatically identifying creatures using machine learning to real-time DNA sequencing. 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