However, the most efficacious exercise prescription to improve anthropometry, cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and metabolic health … p.rump@hb.unimaas.nlAbstract.Relations between frequently used indicators of cardiorespiratory fitness, sex and body composition were studied in a birth-cohort based sample of young prepubescent children (age range: 6.8 - 8.2 years). A new study led by researchers at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology examined how cardiorespiratory fitness and body composition relate to neuronal health in 290 healthy young adults. Body composition analysis Cardiorespiratory fitness analysis Blood test (n = 34 probiotics n = 32 placebo) Figure 1. Fat-free mass was positively related to W(total), P(max) and absolute oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1)). Describe the factors that influence the level of cardiorespiratory fitness a person is able to achieve. Refugee Somali women were invited to participate in sessions to assess physical fitness and body measurements. The Bruce treadmill test was used to assess submaximal heart rate, endurance time (ET), calculated total work (W(total)) and maximal power output (P(max)) in 100 children (50 boys, 50 girls). Independent of race, the MHO phenotype is characterized by high CRF, lower waist circumference and visceral fat, and lower rates of dysglycemia in youth. Physical activity and cardiovascular fitness are important indicators of cardiovascular risk and health status.This study aimed to examine the relationship between body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness in students at postgraduate level.This cross-sectional study. Conflicts of interest: All authors have no conflicts of interest to declare. Body composition was determined by skinfold measurements. Although there is a strong direct relation between BMI and mortality (27), there has been little research on the relation between measured body fatness and mortality (16). Comparing the health-related fitness exam scores by the FITNESSGRAM classification system, students who were classified as Very Lean and High Risk for body composition had lower exam scores than those classified in the healthy fitness zone. Height, bodyweight and waist and hip circumference were measured. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. The purpose was to compare body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness, and physical activity (PA) engagement between women with ACLR and healthy controls. CRF was measured by a graded maximal treadmill test. p.rump@hb.unimaas.nlAbstract.Relations between frequently used indicators of cardiorespiratory fitness, sex and body composition were studied in a birth-cohort based sample of young prepubescent children (age range: 6.8 - 8.2 years). Linear regression was conducted to evaluate cross-sectional associations of the outcomes in relation to total PSE and scores computed for the individual PSE factors: (1) diet, (2) limit setting of unhealthful behaviors, and (3) PA. Measures of skeletal muscle function including muscle strength, cross-sectional area (CSA), and whole-body composition (lean vs. body mass) are central determinants of reduced exercise tolerance in chronic heart failure (CHF) and … By continuing you agree to the use of cookies, Maastricht University data protection policy, Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute Maastricht (NUTRIM), The Netherlands. 1 However, sole focus on weight loss is not the optimal, as it fails to consider cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), which can, at medium to high fitness levels, attenuate the adverse consequences of obesity on health, irrespective of body mass index (BMI). The Bruce treadmill test was used to assess submaximal heart rate, endurance time (ET), calculated total work (W(total)) and maximal power output (P(max)) in 100 children (50 boys, 50 girls). The aim of this study was to verify body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness, and biochemical markers of prepubertal overweight and obese boys to a 16-week futsal training program. Methods: Sixteen boys (age: 7-10 y, body mass index>thanat 95th percentileaccording to Center for Disease Control and Prevention; 35.5±7.4 percent fat) participated to futsal training program. The observed differences in indicators of cardiorespiratory fitness between boys and girls were largely attributable to a difference in body composition. Body composition was assessed using anthropometric measures (Height, weight, BMI, waist circumference, hip circumference and skin fold thickness) and cardiorespiratory fitness … Formalized objective measures of cardiorespiratory fitness (VO 2peak) are widely used in many areas of clinical practice and powerful predictors of mortality. The results further demonstrate that when oxygen uptake measurement is not feasible, W(total) or P(max) (expressed per kilogram fat-free mass) seem to provide better indicators of aerobic power than endurance time.Publication Types: Clinical Trial, AB - Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute Maastricht (NUTRIM), The Netherlands. Powered by Pure, Scopus & Elsevier Fingerprint Engine™ © 2021 Elsevier B.V. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content. OBJECTIVE: To investigate cross-sectional associations of PA and sedentary time (ST) with body composition and CRF in mid-childhood. Absolute oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1)) was related to W(total) and P(max). Relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition and blood pressure in school children June 2002 The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness 42(2):207-13 Patients and Methods. Body composition was measured using the pediatric option for BodPod and cardiorespiratory fitness by the 20 m shuttle run. However, despite its lower training volume, low-volume HIIT induces greater improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness than a non-exercising control and MICT in normal weight, overweight and obese adults. This study aimed to investigate relationships between age, bone mineral measurements, body composition measurements, and cardiorespiratory fitness level in a group of young healthy Australian men. Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy provides measures of brain chemistry that are sensitive to cardiorespiratory fitness and body composition. journal = "International Journal of Sports Medicine", NUTRIM School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=11774067&dopt=Abstract, Body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness indicators in prepubescent boys and girls. However, findings from studies in children are inconsistent. Experimental design: 70 subjects met the study inclusion criteria. Use of probiotic supplements, the benefits of which have not been proven in sportspeople, is … The observed differences in indicators of cardiorespiratory fitness between boys and girls were largely attributable to a difference in body composition. A cross-sectional analysis of baseline fitness data collected during preventive medical examination of 13,037 women aged 20 to 64 years evaluated at the Cooper Clinic in Dallas, Texas, from January 1, 1970, through December 30, 2004, who underwent a body composition assessment and a maximal treadmill exercise test. Two longitudinal studies have shown that low CRF was a strong and independent predictor of metabolic health in adults , . By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. In 17 children, maximal oxygen consumption was measured. White MHO adolescents had lower (p < .05) triglycerides and very-low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, with a lower prevalence of impaired fasting glucose compared with white MUO adolescents. The answer is false. Aerobic exercise forces the body to provide extra oxygen to the muscles. author = "P. Rump and W.J.M. Measure cardiorespiratory fitness in terms VO2max and evaluate the correlation of body composition measures such as body mass index (BMI), body fat percentage (BF%), lean body mass percentage (LBM%), and/or waist circumference (WC) with VO2max, in individuals in a firefighter population. Body composition, however, is not a great predictor of performance. In whites, MHO adolescents had lower (p = .055) liver fat compared with MUO adolescents. Relationship between body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness in Japanese junior high school boys and girls. Background: Cardiorespiratory fitness and body fatness are both related to health, but their interrelation to all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality is unknown. Gerver and G. Hornstra". Percent body fat was negatively associated with ET and relative oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1) x kg(-1)) and was positively related to submaximal heart rate at 6 minutes exercise (HR6). ; Hornstra, G. T1 - Body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness indicators in prepubescent boys and girls, N2 - Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute Maastricht (NUTRIM), The Netherlands. p.rump@hb.unimaas.nl. If you are inactive and 100 or more pounds overweight, your cardiorespiratory fitness will suffer greatly, especially compared to an active person with the proper body … A number of additional factors effect cardiorespiratory fitness, but body composition is a big one. However, the optimal intensity and frequency of aerobic exercise training to improve these outcomes in colorectal cancer survivors is unknown. Body Composition and Cardiorespiratory Fitness Between Metabolically Healthy Versus Metabolically Unhealthy Obese Black and White Adolescents. The results further demonstrate that when oxygen uptake measurement is not feasible, W(total) or P(max) (expressed per kilogram fat-free mass) seem to provide better indicators of aerobic power than endurance time. The contribution of body composition compartments in the development and progress of HF has been the object of numerous studies. is not the optimal, as it fails to consider cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), which can, at medium to high fitness levels, attenuate the adverse consequences of obesity on health, irrespective of body mass index (BMI).5–7 Growing evidence suggests that improved CRF largely neutralizes the adverse effects of increased adiposity as well as other Relative oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1) x kg(-1)) was related to ET. BACKGROUND: The minimum intensity of physical activity (PA) that is associated with favourable body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) remains unknown. We observed a direct relation between body fatness and all-cause and CVD mortality. Design: This was an observational cohort study. Body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness indicators in prepubescent boys and girls. After accounting for gender, Tanner stage, and BMI, there were no differences in total fat (kg, %) between MHO versus MUO in both races. title = "Body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness indicators in prepubescent boys and girls". Absolute oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1)) was related to W(total) and P(max). Current international guidelines recommend people living with obesity should be prescribed a minimum of 300 min of moderately intense activity per week for weight loss. © 2018 Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. @article{57e4c8d9e865412080dcd7ad865d1632. MHO adolescents had significantly lower trunk fat, waist circumference, and visceral fat compared with MUO adolescents in both races. Body composition was measured using bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and cardiorespiratory fitness using cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET). The factors that influence cardiorespiratory fitness are age, gender, genetics, body composition, and a person's level of conditioning. Body composition was determined by skinfold measurements. Absolute oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1)) was related to W(total) and P(max). ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Low-volume HIIT, therefore, appears to be a time-efficient treatment for increasing fitness, but not for the improvement of body composition. Body composition was determined by skinfold measurements. PURPOSE:We compared body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) between metabolically healthy overweight/obese (MHO) versus metabolically unhealthy overweight/obese (MUO) adolescents in 189 black and white adolescents (BMI ≥ 85th percentile, 12-18 years of age). Just because someone is lean does not mean that they will perform better in a triathlon, because without training their cardiorespiratory fitness, they may not even last the distance. We compared body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) between metabolically healthy overweight/obese (MHO) versus metabolically unhealthy overweight/obese (MUO) adolescents in 189 black and white adolescents (BMI ≥ 85th percentile, 12–18 years of age). Percent body fat was negatively associated with ET and relative oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1) x kg(-1)) and was positively related to submaximal heart rate at 6 minutes exercise (HR6). Independent of race, CRF was higher in MHO versus MUO adolescents. However, being fi… Fat-free mass was positively related to W(total), P(max) and absolute oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1)). Black MHO adolescents had lower (p < .05) 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test glucose, triglycerides, very-low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and higher high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, with a lower prevalence of impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance compared with black MUO adolescents. Aron Barbey's research looks at the principles of brain organization that underlie reasoning and decision making. The results further demonstrate that when oxygen uptake measurement is not feasible, W(total) or P(max) (expressed per kilogram fat-free mass) seem to provide better indicators of aerobic power than endurance time.Publication Types: Clinical Trial". Epidemiological researches have found that not only obesity but also cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) plays a pivotal role in the prevalence of CVD. Diet, exercise and behaviour modification remain the cornerstones of obesity management. Fat-free mass was positively related to W(total), P(max) and absolute oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1)). Participants were defined as MHO or MUO if their insulin-stimulated glucose disposal, measured by a 3-hour hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp, was in the upper quartile or in the lower three quartiles. INTRODUCTION: Deteriorations in cardiorespiratory fitness (V˙o2peak) and body composition are associated with poor prognosis after colorectal cancer treatment. / Rump, P.; Gerver, W.J.M. In 17 children, maximal oxygen consumption was measured. The concentration of N-acetyl aspartic acid (NAA) is of interest because it is a marker of neuronal integrity. Relative oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1) x kg(-1)) was related to ET. We compared body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) between metabolically healthy overweight/obese (MHO) versus metabolically unhealthy overweight/obese (MUO) adolescents in 189 black and white adolescents (BMI ≥ 85th percentile, 12–18 years of age). Although cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is determined by a number of nonmodifiable factors, such as gender, age, and genetic factors, it has also been considered in recent years an objective indicator of physical activity and used to assess the relationship between physical activity and health status [30,31]. Results: Aerobic fitness was a statistically significant predictor of exam score (β = 0.563, p < 0.001), but percent body fat was not (β = 0.185, p =0.074). Watanabe K(1), Nakadomo F, Maeda K. Author information: (1)Osaka Prefectural College of Nursing, Habikino, Japan. The Bruce treadmill test was used to assess submaximal heart rate, endurance time (ET), calculated total work (W(total)) and maximal power output (P(max)) in 100 children (50 boys, 50 girls). The results further demonstrate that when oxygen uptake measurement is not feasible, W(total) or P(max) (expressed per kilogram fat-free mass) seem to provide better indicators of aerobic power than endurance time.Publication Types: Clinical Trial, JO - International Journal of Sports Medicine, JF - International Journal of Sports Medicine. Purpose. T. The observed differences in indicators of cardiorespiratory fitness between boys and girls were largely attributable to a difference in body composition. p.rump@hb.unimaas.nlAbstract.Relations between frequently used indicators of cardiorespiratory fitness, sex and body composition were studied in a birth-cohort based sample of young prepubescent children (age range: 6.8 - 8.2 years). Background: Some studies have been conducted to verify the effects of Pilates for individuals who are obese, but conclusive results are not yet available due to methodological concerns. 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